My PCAP bibliography

Fellowship (or associate fellowship) of the Higher Education Authority is now a requirement for many people working in higher education. I’ve done two applications to the HEA over the past two years – last year, to be accredited as an Associate Fellow through a Cambridge programme called TAP, and then this year to get a full Fellowship through Exeter’s Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice (PCAP) programme. And now the end of the second application is in sight!

It’s been a useful exercise in some ways, particularly as I’m relatively new to things like lecturing to large groups and graduate supervision, though I think all such programmes have their pluses and minuses. I really like the TAP’s focus on teaching observation, which was mostly missing from PCAP. In PCAP, I thought the focus in bringing in expert panels (of secondary teachers, of senior managers, of previous winners of teaching awards) was really helpful, and offered a good series of opportunities to ask questions. Still, as useful as it’s been, it’s satisfying to hit the ‘submit’ button at the end of the year.

PCAP (like all routes to HEA fellowship) has a significant written component. Ellie Mackin has written a lot about this, and has shared her application for Associate Fellowship on her blog. My assignments for PCAP consisted of a 4500-word research essay, a narrated PowerPoint presentation and an application form to the HEA outlining how my work exemplifies the qualities expected of a higher education professional. All of these involved reflecting critically on my professional practice and required me to engage with relevant literature in the field. I’m hoping to share some of my assignments at some point soon too. Until then, I thought I’d share my bibliography.

The references are grouped roughly by the topics I covered in my assignments and application. Most of the pieces are available online, though some require institutional login. I should say, I don’t necessarily agree with all of these pieces! But I found all of them useful in some way. If you’re interested in covering similar topics for your PCAP course or your independent HEA Fellowship application, or you’re just interested in these issues anyway, then I hope you find this bibliography a helpful starting point.

If there’s any literature you found particularly helpful in preparing your HEA Fellowship application, feel free to mention it in the comments below.

[Edited to add: Jacquelyn Clements suggested on Twitter that we make this into a Zotero Group Library. I’ve done that, and the link is here. You should be able to join the group and edit the library, so please do so!]

Casualisation and precarity in Classics in UK academia

Anonymous (2015) Teaching at a university means constant pressure – for about £5 an hour. Guardian. Available from Accessed 12 June 2017.

Gwendolyn Beetham and Melissa Fernández Arrigoitía (2012) Precarity and privilege: a response to Linda Lund Pedersen and Barbara Samaluk. Graduate Journal of Social Science 9, 19.

Eric P. Bettinger and Bridget Terry Long (2004) Do college instructors matter? The effects of adjuncts and graduate assistants on students’ interests and success. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Papers 10370.

Eric P. Bettinger and Bridget Terry Long (2010) Does cheaper mean better? The impact of using adjunct instructors on student outcomes. The Review of Economics and Statistics 92, 598–613.

Donna Brown and Michael Gold (2007) Academics on non-standard contracts in UK universities: portfolio work, choice and compulsion. Higher Education Quarterly 61, 439–460.

Aditya Chakrabortty (2016) Nottingham academic on casual contract: “I had more rights as a binman”. Guardian. Available from Accessed 12 June 2017.

Aditya Chakrabortty and Sally Weale (2016) Universities accused of “importing Sports Direct model” for lecturers’ pay. Guardian. Available from Accessed 12 June 2017.

Kennece Coombe and Susan Clancy (2002) Reconceptualizing the teaching team in universities: working with sessional staff. International Journal for Academic Development 7, 159–166.

CUCD (2008) CUCD protocol for the employment of salaried academic staff on short-term contracts. Council of University Classics Departments Bulletin 37, 15–17.

Tom Cutterham (2016) Ending casualisation will not only benefit early career academics. Times Higher Education. Available from Accessed 12 June 2017.

Nele De Cuyper, Jeroen de Jong, Hans de Witte, Kerstin Isaksson, Thomas Rigotti and René Schalk (2008) Literature review of theory and research on the psychological impact of temporary employment: towards a conceptual model. International Journal of Management Reviews 10, 25–51.

Eleanor Dickey (2014a) The impact of the poor academic job market on PhD graduates, and what we individual academics can do about it. Council of University Classics Departments Bulletin 43.

Eleanor Dickey (2014b) What to do and why: summary of results of a survey on the difficulties facing PhDs without permanent academic jobs. Hortensii. Available from Accessed 12 June 2017.

Eleanor Dickey (n.d.) How the employed can help: For employed academics, departments, and institutions. Hortensii. Available from Accessed 12 June 2017.

Mary J. Ditton (2009) How social relationships influence academic health in the “enterprise university”: an insight into productivity of knowledge workers. Higher Education Research and Development 28, 151–164.

Dan Edmonds (2015) More than half of college faculty are adjuncts: should you care? Forbes. Available from Accessed 9 June 2017.

Ronald G. Ehrenberg and Liang Zhang (2004) Do tenured and tenure-track faculty matter? National Bureau of Economic Research Working Papers 10695.

Holly Else (2015a) King’s College London graduate teachers speak out. Times Higher Education. Available from Accessed 9 June 2017.

Holly Else (2015b) We’re worth more: casual teaching staff fight back. Times Higher Education. Available from Accessed 12 June 2017.

Anna Fazackerley (2013) Why are many academics on short term contracts for years? Guardian. Available from Accessed 12 June 2017.

Kirsten Forkert and Ana Lopes (2015) Unwaged posts in UK universities: controversies and campaigns. TripleC 13, 533–553.

Steven Green (2007) The temporary lecturer against the world: a personal reflection. Council of University Classics Departments Bulletin 36, 4–5.

Jack Grove (2016) Universities “most reliant” on teaching-only staff named. Times Higher Education. Available from Accessed 12 June 2017.

Alex Hope (2013) The role and place of the academic is changing – and it’s a good thing. Guardian. Available from Accessed 12 June 2017.

Emma Kennedy (2016) Supporting postgraduate and (other) casually-employed teaching staff. Higher Educationalist. Available from Accessed 14/06/2017.

Megan Kimber (2010) The tenured “core” and the tenuous “periphery”: the casualisation of academic work in Australian universities. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management 25, 41–50.

Christopher J. Klopper and Bianca M. Power (2014) The casual approach to teacher education: what effect does casualisation have for Australian university teaching? Australian Journal of Teacher Education 39, 101–114.

Briony Lipton (2015) Gender and precarity: a response to Simon During. Australian Humanities Review 58.

Ana Lopes and I. Dewan (2014) Precarious pedagogies? The impact of casual and zero-hour contracts in Higher Education. Journal of Feminist Scholarship 7, 28–42.

Matthew Lyons (2015) Young academics: the great betrayal. History Today. Available from>. Accessed 12 June 2017.

Bruce Macfarlane (2011) The morphing of academic practice: unbundling and the rise of the para-academic. Higher Education Quarterly 65, 59–73.

Laura McKenna (2015) The cost of an adjunct. The Atlantic. Available from Accessed 6 June 2017.

Laura McKenzie (2016) A precarious passion: gendered and age-based insecurity among aspiring academics in Australia. In R. Thwaites and A. Pressland (eds), Being an Early Career Feminist Academic: Global Perspectives, Experiences and Challenges, London, 31–49.

George Morgan and Julian Wood (2017) The “academic career” in the era of flexploitation. In E. Armano, A. Bove, and A. Murgia (eds), Mapping Precariousness, Labour Insecurity and Uncertain Livelihoods: Subjectivities and Resistance, Abingdon; New York, 82–97.

Mary O’Hara (2015) University lecturers on the breadline: is the UK following in America’s footsteps? Guardian. Available from Accessed 12 June 2017.

Eleanor O’Kell, Christopher Rowe, and Richard Williams (2007) The history, Classics and Archaeology subject centre and the non-permanent HE teacher. Council of University Classics Departments Bulletin 36, 8–12.

Stacey Patton (2012) The PhD now comes with food stamps. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Available from Accessed 12 June 2017.

Alisa Percy and Rosemary Beaumont (2008) The casualisation of teaching and the subject at risk. Studies in Continuing Education 30, 145–157.

Nina Power (2016) Lecturers are striking against low-paid, casual work, which hurts students too. Guardian. Available from Accesssed 14/06/2017.

Claire Shaw (2014) Overworked and isolated – work pressure fuels mental illness in academia. Guardian. Available from Accessed 12 June 2017.

Trades Union Congress 2014: Women and Casualisation: Women’s Experiences of Job Insecurity. Available from Accessed 14/06/2017.

University and College Union 2015: Making Ends Meet: The Human Cost of Casualisation in Post-Secondary Education. Available from—the-human-cost-of-casualisation-in-post-secondary-education-May-15/pdf/ucu_makingendsmeet_may15.pdf. Accessed 14/06/2017.

University and College Union 2016a: Precarious Work in Higher Education. Available from Accessed 14/06/2017.

University and College Union 2016b: ‘Russell Group universities worst offenders when it comes to insecure contracts’, UCU Blog. Available from Accessed 9 June 2017.

Sally Weale (2016) Part-time lecturers on precarious work: ‘I don’t make enough for rent’. Guardian. Available from Accessed 12 June 2017.

William Whyte (2015) The danger of nostalgia: historicising the early-career debate. History Lab Plus (Institute of Historical Research Blog). Available from Accessed 6 June 2017.

Teaching difficult subjects in Classics and the ‘trigger warnings’ debate

British Broadcasting Corporation (n.d.) Online shortform, suitable content and guidance advice. Accessed 13/06/2017.

Margaret E. Butler (2014) Raising Lazarus: death in the Classics classroom. In Nancy Sorkin Rabinowitz and Fiona Mchardy (eds.) From Abortion to Pederasty: Addressing Difficult Topics in the Classics Classroom. Columbus:  Ohio State University Press: 39-52.

Angela M. Carter (2015) Teaching with trauma: trigger warnings, feminism, and disability pedagogy. Disability Studies Quarterly 35.2: 9.

Sophie Downes (2016) Trigger warnings, safe spaces and free speech, too. New York Times. Accessed 13/06/2017.

Elizabeth Gloyn (2013) Reading rape in Ovid’s Metamorphoses: a test-case lesson. Classical World 106.4: 676-681.

Rebecca Godderis and Jennifer L. Root (2016) Trigger warnings: compassion is not censorship. Radical Pedagogy 13.2: 130-138

Graham Grant and Eleanor Harding (2017) Bible students are warned…you may find the crucifixion too upsetting! Daily Mail. Accessed 13/06/2017.

Mick Healey and Alan Jenkins (2009) Developing undergraduate research and inquiry. HEA Academy. Accessed 13/06/2017.

Lindsay Holmes (2017) A quick lesson on what trigger warnings actually do. Huffington Post. Accessed 13/06/2017

Emma Kennedy (2015) On ‘trigger warnings’: access, engagement, and resilience. Higher Educationalist (blog).  Accessed 13/06/2017.

Equality Act 2010 Accessed 13/06/2017.

Kim LaCapria (2016) University of Chicago issues trigger warning about trigger warnings. Snopes. Accessed 13/06/2017.

Alan Levinovitz (2016) How trigger warnings silence religious students. The Atlantic. Accessed 13/06/2017.

Pam Lowe (2014) Why UK universities must steer clear of trigger warnings. New Statesman. Accessed 13/06/2017.

Greg Lukianoff and Jona Than Haidt (2015) The coddling of the American mind. The Atlantic. Accessed 13/06/2017

Kate Manne (2015) Why I use trigger warnings. New York Times.  Accessed 13/06/2017.

Fiona McHardy and Susan Deacy (2015) How to teach sensitive subjects in the Classics classroom. Cloelia n.s. 5. Accessed 13/06/2017.

Bartolo A. Natoli (2015) Review: Nancy Sorkin Rabinowitz and Fiona Mchardy (eds.) From Abortion to Pederasty: Addressing Difficult Topics in the Classics Classroom. Bryn Mawr Classical Review. 2015.08.16.

Sean Trainor (2015) Campus PC panic is getting ridiculous: Here’s what a “trigger warning” really looks like — and what it does for students. Accessed 13/06/2017

Women’s Classical Committee UK (2016) Practical tips for feminist pedagogy in the Classics. Accessed 13/06/2017.

Effective lecturing

Charles C. Bonwell (1996) Enhancing the lecture: revitalizing a traditional format. New Directions for Teaching and Learning 67: 31-44.

James L. Cooper and Pamela Robinson (2000) Getting started: informal small-group strategies in large classes. New Directions for Teaching and Learning 81: 17-24.

Sumit Sandhu, Tracie O. Afifi and Francis M. Amara (2012) Theories and Practical Steps for Delivering Effective Lectures. Journal of Community Medicine and Health Education 2.6.

Teachability Guidelines

Using technology and social media to support teaching

Stephen J. Jacquemin, Lisa K. Smelser and Melody J. Bernot (2014) Twitter in the Higher Education classroom: A student and faculty assessment of use and perception. Journal of College Science Teaching 43.6: 22-7.

Sjoerd Levelt (2015) #Iliad. Early Modern/Medieval Histories. Accessed 14/06/2017.

Ian N. Toppin (2011) Video lecture capture (VLC) system: A comparison of student versus faculty perceptions. Education and Information Technologies. 16.4: 383-393.

Tomoko Traphagan, John V. Kucsera and Kyoko Kishi (2009) Impact of class lecture webcasting on attendance and learning. Educational Technology Research and Development 58.1: 19-37.

Supervising undergraduate and MA research projects

Joanne Garde-Hansen and Ben Calvert (2007) Developing a research culture in the undergraduate curriculum. Active Learning in Higher Education 8.2: 105-116.

Mick Healey and Alan Jenkins (2009) Developing undergraduate research and inquiry. Higher Education Academy Accessed 13/06/2017.

Margaret Kiley and Gina Wisker (2009) Threshold concepts in research education and evidence of threshold crossing. Higher Education Research and Development 28.4: 431-441.

Erik Meyer and Ray Land (2003) Threshold concepts and troublesome knowledge: linkages to ways of thinking and practicising within the disciplines. Enhancing Teaching-Learning Environments in Undergraduate Courses – Occasional Report 4.

Marian Woolhouse (2002) Supervising dissertation projects: expectations of supervisors and students. Innovations in Education and Teaching International 39.2: 137-144.

Women, early career researchers and peer-to-peer mentoring

Anna Bull (2016) Staff-to-student sexual harassment must be tackled urgently. Wonk HE Blog. Accessed 22/04/2017.

Cassandra M. Guarino and Victor H.M. Borden (2017) Faculty service loads and gender: Are women taking care of the academic family? Research in Higher Education 2017: 1-23.

Molly M. King, Carl T. Bergstrom, Shelley J. Correll, Jennifer Jacquet, Jevin D. West (2016) Men set their own cites high: Gender and self-citation across fields and over time. Under review. Accessed 22/04/2017.

Victoria Leonard and Irene Salvo (2016) Women in Classics in the UK: numbers and issues. With contributions from Emma Bridges, Kate Cook, Lisa Eberle, Katherine McDonald and Amy Russell. Council of UK Classics Departments UK Bulletin 45. Accessed 14/06/2017.

Daniel Maliniak, Ryan M. Powers and Barbara F. Walter (2013) The gender citation gap in International Relations. International Organization 67.4: 889-922.

Katherine McDonald (2015) Oxbridge JRF applications – a brief how-to. Accessed 14/06/2017

Katherine McDonald (2016) New resourse: questions for academic job interviews  Accessed 14/06/2017.

Prathibha Varkey, Aminah Jatoi, Amy Williams, Anita Mayer, Marcia Ko, Julia Files, Janis Blair and Sharonne Hayes (2012) The positive impact of a facilitated peer mentoring program on academic skills of women faculty. BMC Medical Education 12.14. Accessed 14/06/2017.

2017-05-30 12.11.00
Flowers on the University of Exeter campus in May


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